Everlast Recovery Centers

Cocaine Addiction

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How is it used?

Cocaine is a drug people make from the leaves of the coca plant that commonly grows in South America. The drug has its roots in the medical field. Doctors still sometimes use it for medical purposes because it tightens blood vessels to reduce bleeding and has some local anesthesia (numbing) effects.

However, most people know it as a street drug that people use to get high. Some people use it by itself while others mix it with other substances, like amphetamine, heroin, or opioids, such as fentanyl.

People abuse the drug by snorting it, smoking it, rubbing it on their gums, or injecting it. An estimated 1.4 percent of adults ages 18 to 25 years old report using cocaine in the past month – the highest percentage of any age group, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.1

The drug is addictive and may require treatment in a recovery center.

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Street Names

Some of the common street names for cocaine include:2[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_color=”rgba(225,183,126,0.37)” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” _i=”3″ _address=”0.0.0.3″]Blow[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_color=”rgba(225,183,126,0.37)” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” _i=”4″ _address=”0.0.0.4″]Coke[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_color=”rgba(225,183,126,0.37)” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” _i=”5″ _address=”0.0.0.5″]Crack[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_color=”rgba(225,183,126,0.37)” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” _i=”6″ _address=”0.0.0.6″]Flake[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_color=”rgba(225,183,126,0.37)” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” _i=”7″ _address=”0.0.0.7″]Rock[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_color=”rgba(225,183,126,0.37)” custom_margin=”||||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” _i=”8″ _address=”0.0.0.8″]Snow[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ custom_margin=”40px||5px||false|false” custom_padding=”||||false|false” _i=”9″ _address=”0.0.0.9″]

Important Information

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Drug Class

It is a schedule II drug. This means it has some medical value but is highly addictive.3[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ hover_enabled=”0″ _i=”11″ _address=”0.0.0.11″]

Is cocaine addictive?

The high from this drug doesn’t last long – about 15 to 30 minutes when snorting and 5 to 10 minutes when smoking it.2 It floods the brain with the neurotransmitter dopamine. This effect causes a high effect, but also results in feeling very low during the crash.

As a result, it can be addictive. A person craves the high they felt and starts to use more and more to try and achieve the same effects. The results can be harmful health effects. An estimated 913,000 people in the United States are affected by addiction and dependence, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.1

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Is it safe?

In a word: no. A person can overdose on it if they use too much. Overdose can occur the first time it’s used or the 100th time. It is always dangerous.

It’s also common for other things to be mixed with the drug to increase its potency and sell more. You can never really know what you’re getting when it is purchased. As a result, one might think they are snorting pure cocaine when in reality they are using other drugs and chemicals that could kill them.[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ custom_margin=”40px||5px||false|false” _i=”13″ _address=”0.0.0.13″]

Effects

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What are the short-term effects of cocaine?

When a person uses the drug, they experience short-term effects that may include:[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_enable_color=”off” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” border_width_all=”2px” border_color_all=”rgba(225,183,126,0.63)” _i=”15″ _address=”0.0.0.15″]Extreme sensitivity to light and sound[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_enable_color=”off” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” border_width_all=”2px” border_color_all=”rgba(225,183,126,0.63)” _i=”16″ _address=”0.0.0.16″]Feelings of euphoria [/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_enable_color=”off” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” border_width_all=”2px” border_color_all=”rgba(225,183,126,0.63)” _i=”17″ _address=”0.0.0.17″]Feeling extremely alert and awake[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_enable_color=”off” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” border_width_all=”2px” border_color_all=”rgba(225,183,126,0.63)” _i=”18″ _address=”0.0.0.18″]Irritability [/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_enable_color=”off” custom_margin=”||||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” border_width_all=”2px” border_color_all=”rgba(225,183,126,0.63)” _i=”19″ _address=”0.0.0.19″]Paranoia[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ _i=”20″ _address=”0.0.0.20″]As a general rule, the more a person uses, the more bizarre and unusual their behavior becomes.2[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” _i=”21″ _address=”0.0.0.21″]

Long-term effects of cocaine

Long-term effects of using this drug include:2[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_enable_color=”off” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” border_width_all=”2px” border_color_all=”rgba(225,183,126,0.63)” _i=”22″ _address=”0.0.0.22″]Loss of smell[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_enable_color=”off” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” border_width_all=”2px” border_color_all=”rgba(225,183,126,0.63)” _i=”23″ _address=”0.0.0.23″]Collapse of the nasal passages[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_enable_color=”off” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” border_width_all=”2px” border_color_all=”rgba(225,183,126,0.63)” _i=”24″ _address=”0.0.0.24″]Increased risks for infections like pneumonia [/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_enable_color=”off” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” border_width_all=”2px” border_color_all=”rgba(225,183,126,0.63)” _i=”25″ _address=”0.0.0.25″]Severe bowel damage due to decreased blood flow if a person consumes cocaine [/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_enable_color=”off” custom_margin=”||||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” hover_enabled=”0″ border_width_all=”2px” border_color_all=”rgba(225,183,126,0.63)” _i=”26″ _address=”0.0.0.26″]

Increased risks for bloodborne infections, such as hepatitis and HIV if injected

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Can you overdose on cocaine?

Yes. Cocaine can cause a person’s heart to go into an unusual rhythm and cause sudden cardiac death. A person can also have a heart attack, seizure, or stroke.2 There’s no medicine to reverse the effects of an overdose immediately. Doctors have to provide supportive care in the hopes of saving the person’s life.2

The drug was involved in an estimated 505,224 of the 1.3 million drug-related emergency room visits in the United States, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.1 In 2016, an estimated ten deaths in the United States were directly related to cocaine alone.[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ custom_margin=”40px||5px||false|false” _i=”28″ _address=”0.0.0.28″]

Quitting

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How do i stop using cocaine?

If you are ready to stop using this drug, you can contact the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s national helpline at 1-800-662-HELP (4357). They can help provide you with resources in your area and online that can help you quit.[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ custom_margin=”||9px||false|false” _i=”30″ _address=”0.0.0.30″]

What is withdrawal from cocaine like?

Cocaine withdrawals won’t kill you, but they can cause unpleasant symptoms. Examples include:[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_color=”rgba(225,183,126,0.37)” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” _i=”31″ _address=”0.0.0.31″]Being very tired[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_color=”rgba(225,183,126,0.37)” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” _i=”32″ _address=”0.0.0.32″]Feelings of depression[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_color=”rgba(225,183,126,0.37)” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” _i=”33″ _address=”0.0.0.33″]Increased appetite[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_color=”rgba(225,183,126,0.37)” custom_margin=”||10px||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” _i=”34″ _address=”0.0.0.34″]Slower than usual thinking [/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ text_text_color=”#5b5b5b” background_color=”rgba(225,183,126,0.37)” custom_margin=”||||false|false” custom_padding=”10px|15px|7px|15px|false|true” _i=”35″ _address=”0.0.0.35″]Unexplained fatigue [/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ _i=”36″ _address=”0.0.0.36″]

Treatment

The FDA hasn’t approved specific medications to treat cocaine addiction. However, there are a lot of strategies doctors know to help a person who struggles with cocaine abuse. Examples include cognitive-behavioral therapy and motivational incentives.2 Participating in support groups and community-based groups, such as Cocaine Anonymous, can help.[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.28″ _i=”37″ _address=”0.0.0.37″]


Resources

  1. https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-scope-cocaine-use-in-united-states
  2. https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/cocaine
  3. https://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drug_chem_info/cocaine.pdf

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